Wisdom, Justice, And Love:

This 1:38 track is more an Intro to the next track and for the third time in this album, an extract of an important politician’s revolutionary speech. This is a Martin Luther King’s speech (Beyond Vietnam: A Time to Break Silence) on April 4, 1967 at the Riverside Church in New York City. A year after this, he was assassinated (on Apr 4, 1968). M. L. King (1929-1968) was an American clergyman, an activist and prominent leader in the African American civil rights movement (following the teachings of Mahatma Gandhi), often considered representative in the history of modern American liberalism, established his reputation as one of the greatest orators in American history.

>Starting in 1965, King began to express doubts about the United States’ role in the Vietnam War. In an April 4, 1967 appearance at the New York City Riverside Church—exactly one year before his death—King delivered a speech titled “Beyond Vietnam”. In the speech, he spoke strongly against the U.S.’s role in the war, insisting that the U.S. was in Vietnam “to occupy it as an American colony” and calling the U.S. government “the greatest purveyor of violence in the world today”. He also argued that the country needed larger and broader moral changes.

FOR MORE INFO READ THIS>> King also was opposed to the Vietnam War on the grounds that the war took money and resources that could have been spent on social welfare services like the War on Poverty. The United States Congress was spending more and more on the military and less and less on anti-poverty programs at the same time. King also criticized the United States’ resistance to North Vietnam’s land reforms. He accused the United States of having killed a million Vietnamese, “mostly children.” King also stated in his “Beyond Vietnam” speech that “true compassion is more than flinging a coin to a beggar….it comes to see that an edifice which produces beggars needs restructuring”. King quoted a United States official, who said that, from Vietnam to South America to Latin America, the country was “on the wrong side of a world revolution.” King condemned America’s “alliance with the landed gentry of Latin America,” and said that the United States should support “the shirtless and barefoot people” in the Third World rather than suppressing their attempts at revolution.

Posthumously, he was awarded the Presidential Medal of Freedom in 1977.

Martin Luther King’s Day: as a US national holiday.

HERE IS SOME NOTICEABLE PARTS OF HIS SPEECH>> “I come to this magnificent house of worship tonight because my conscience leaves me no other choice. I join with you in this meeting because I am in deepest agreement with the aims and work of the organization which has brought us together: Clergy and Laymen Concerned about Vietnam. The recent statement of your executive committee are the sentiments of my own heart and I found myself in full accord when I read its opening lines: ‘A time comes when silence is betrayal.’ That time has come for us in relation to Vietnam….  And some of us who have already begun to break the silence of the night have found that the calling to speak is often a vocation of agony, but we must speak…. Over the past two years, as I have moved to break the betrayal of my own silences and to speak from the burnings of my own heart, as I have called for radical departures from the destruction of Vietnam, many persons have questioned me about the wisdom of my path. At the heart of their concerns this query has often loomed large and loud: “Why are you speaking about the war, Dr. King?” “Why are you joining the voices of dissent?” “Peace and civil rights don’t mix,” they say. “Aren’t you hurting the cause of your people,” they ask? And when I hear them, though I often understand the source of their concern, I am nevertheless greatly saddened, for such questions mean that the inquirers have not really known me, my commitment or my calling. Indeed, their questions suggest that they do not know the world in which they live.”

(to me the bold parts seemed so interesting, recalling what LP is gonna talk about!)

HERE, BRIEFLY ABOUT VIETNAM WAR>> Vietnam War was a Cold War military conflict that occurred in Vietnam, Laos, and Cambodia, from 1955 to 1975 (fought between North Vietnam, supported by its communist allies and the government of South Vietnam, supported by the US and other anti-communist nations). The war exacted a huge human cost in terms of fatalities (See: Vietnam War casualties), including 3 to 4 million Vietnamese from both sides, between 1.5 to 2 million Laotians and Cambodians, and 58,159 U.S. soldiers.

Now, noticing the music at the background, it makes u feel like in church. From the 36th second on, Dr. King’s voice starts to get freaky (more like a robot or an alien). To me, it’s gonna show the result of the transmission of his idea! That now his ideas seem more artificial and heartless in comparison to 3 decades before, under the influence of modernity and policy! What LP is doing is to reanimate the fact, which is not something to be forgotten this easily.

Also in the end we have “Cannot be reconciled with wisdom, justice and love” 6 times repeated. The reason? Well, emphasis? Asking you to think more? To go deeper thru it?… after 33 years of this speech, what made LP to bring up the fact?

References:

http://www.americanrhetoric.com/speeches/mlkatimetobreaksilence.htm

http://www.pbs.org/moyers/journal/04022010/profile2.html

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Martin_luther_king#Opposition_to_the_Vietnam_War

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Vietnam_war

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